A novice is not a little expert
There are many who still think that the intellectual development of a child (and by extension, a novice) into an adult (and by extension, into an expert) is just a matter of growth. But is it really? Do novices and experts think and learn in the same way?
Can we boost elaboration with retrieval practice?
If you want to combine elaboration and retrieval practice, don’t just have students answer elaborative questions without being able to retrieve the answers.
The advantages of explicit teaching
Research shows that school plays a critical role in the achievement of students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Yet, the teacher's pedagogical choices can be decisive for their students' academic performance.